IT business analysts who find out the exact requirements of the customer, architects who develop the structure and functions of the IS, mathematicians who formalize the verbal description of the IS functions into algorithms, programmers who convert mathematical algorithms into program code, testers, who create all kinds of input combinations in order to search for errors in the IS, maintainers who introduce users to the operation of the IS and “on their knees” solve small problems of installing the IS, system administrators who support the functioning of the IS and solve the “technical” problems of users.
It is quite common for a programmer to combine the roles of other IP creators, while paying respect to this profession, he is still called a programmer.
Specialization of programmers
As a specialist, a programmer specializes in a subject area that encompasses the knowledge and skills that one person can qualitatively master. The breadth of the subject area and the quality of skills for a programmer are individual. And they depend on work experience, intellect, innate inclinations, willpower, social isolation and the conjuncture of vacancies for programmers. Listed below are some specializations of programmers.
- 1C Programmer.
- Web developer.
- Delphi programmer.
- Visual Basic programmer.
- .NET programmer.
- Java programmer.
- C++ programmer.
- Database programmer (SQL, languages working with databases: Visual FoxPro, FoxBase, dBase, Oracle and others).
- Test programmer.
- Programmer-producer (Chief architect of the project).
- Programmer [microcontrollers.
At the dawn of the computer industry, the division into applied and system programmers was relevant. If the first created software for end users. Then system programmers created software tools to support application programmers: operating systems, compilers, standard libraries and drivers.
Demanded programming skills
In an ever-changing IT services market, working the required number of hours and conscientiously doing your job may no longer be enough. You need to stand out and be a versatile specialist. The skills that businesses need from programmers change frequently: what was in high demand a year ago may now be overshadowed by fancy programming languages, toolkits or platforms. San Francisco-based aptitude testing firm Triplebyte uses its own analytics platform and data archives to assess the ability of thousands of programmers each year and match them with employers. Triplebyte CEO and founder Harj Taggar spoke about the qualifications businesses need from programmers.
Product developers. Successful product developers are dedicated to solving problems that bring maximum value to the business. Engineers are most often driven by the desire to work on the most interesting technical problems, but the process of creating software itself is becoming easier, so it is now more important for companies that engineers think about what solutions their customers need in the first place.
Scaling web systems. The largest software companies are increasingly releasing web applications. They are easy and fast to prototype, but much more difficult to scale. Companies are looking for engineers who can take a basic web application and scale it up to millions of users. This is where a deep understanding of database architecture comes in handy.
Participation in Open Source projects. As the amount of code freely available on sites like GitHub grows, companies are becoming more interested in applicants who have contributed to open source projects in the past or made their own code publicly available. Such actions testify to their work enthusiasm and favorably distinguish them from other applicants.
Teaching online courses. Engineers who have completed self-paced courses on sites like Coursera for Business or Udacity show curiosity and a desire to move forward. However, engineers should not pose as experts in any field just because they have taken one online course.
Mobile software development: iOS and Android. In any company, the issue of developing a mobile strategy is becoming more and more acute. Because of this, the demand for mobile application programmers has increased, especially for iOS and Android. Engineers who have something to brag about in this regard, even when it comes to personal projects, will be much more in demand.
Technical communication skills. There is a huge demand for people with good technical communication skills, as the ability to explain something intelligibly increases the overall productivity of the entire department. This does not mean that a person should just be friendly and confident. This means that he can convey complex ideas clearly and clearly to colleagues.
Practical coding skills. Companies don’t want engineers who just talk about how the code should be – they want someone who can demonstrate that they can write it themselves. Because of this, the procedure for conducting technical interviews has changed. More and more companies prefer instead of standard interviews at the whiteboard to give the applicant a laptop and ask him to compile something in a couple of hours.
Programmer management. Strictly speaking, this is not a technical skill, but as companies grow, they need engineers who can motivate their colleagues to work faster and better. There is a great demand for engineers who do not miss the opportunity to teach novice programmers something and lead their team.